The Heavy Set
I gave you some information about light breeds of horses, and now I will tell you about the opposite, which you surely guessed (if you didn’t know already) is known as the heavy horses, or draft horses, or even draught or dray horses, depending on where you live.
Of course, as the name suggests, this is a type of horse that is much heavier set physically. They are more muscular because they were bred this way. Unlike light horses, which are the closest type to ancestral breeds of equine, this horse was bred with the purpose of taking on heavy tasks to help farmers and general laborers. They are great for ploughing and pulling very large loads on a cart, such as logs, or even for some recreational uses such as group tours in the countryside, visiting places like maple shacks in Canada (‘cabane à sucre’ in French; popular in Quebec).
These horses were also bred to be very docile. If not, it surely would be very difficult to make them accept the tasks they are needed for. Patience is also a strong characteristic they share, along with their incredible strength.
At time, the lighter breeds of heavy horses can be used for sports, but this is usually because they have been crossbred with a light breed of horse. They will mostly be used for driving carts and at times, under the saddle.
Of course, they are recognizable because they carry a much bigger muscle mass, which is very apparent at the shoulder level. Their movement is also generally more upright and they have very strong hindquarters. You can also see many of them sport a lovely, feather-like fur around the bottom part of their legs.